21年项目管理师试题9章

发布时间:2021-08-31
21年项目管理师试题9章

21年项目管理师试题9章 第1章


通过评审累积成本曲线,项目经理能监控——( )

A.EV

B.PV

C.CVs

D.CPI

正确答案:C


你项目的十个干系人员都有项目计划的拷贝。在他们当中许多人出席项目审查会议上, 项目计划被作为绩效衡量基线得到采用。计划描述了项目目标,成果,限制条件,假定有关各方的要求和期望。许多人在会议表达了他们的要求,强调他们的利益。象这样的外部反馈意见是:

A、项目团队章程要求的

B、团队建设的输入内容之一

C、项目干系人管理计划的一项内容

D、组织规划流程的产物

正确答案:C


23 You are managing an internal project where a vice president from the user group is acting as the sponsor. You have just been informed by your team that the critical path has slipped by three weeks. You should:

A. Immediately inform. the sponsor and ask for advice

B. Do nothing until the slippage occurs

C. See the sponsor after you have evaluated alternatives, recommendations, and performed an impact analysis

D. Look for someone to blame before you see the sponsor

E. Inform. your senior management of the problem and tell them that you will get back to them after you assessed the situation

正确答案:C


158 The Pareto Principle is a technique used by quality managers to determine which quality control problems of a particular service or manufacturing process should be corrected. Which of the following statements represents the philosophy of the principle?

A. In order to minimize financial losses from quality control problems, all problems which have a measurable cost associated with them should be corrected.

B. the majority of defects are caused by a small percentage of the identifiable problems. Improvements efforts should be reserved for these vital few problems.

C. in order to achieve zero defects, all quality control problems, including those which do not have a direct financial cost should be corrected.

D. generally, 80 % of the quality control problems are justifiable for correction via cost-benefit analysis. The remaining 20% are not financially worthy of improvement efforts.

E. A and D

正确答案:B


以下哪项不属于合同文件的一部分

A、 建议书

B、 工作范围

C、 条款和条件

D、 谈判纪录

正确答案:D


97 Risks include the following types:

A. Business risk

B. pure risk

C. Insurable risk

D. A and B

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


140 In which of the following scope management processes are subject matter experts used? A. Initiation

B. Scope planning

C. Scope Definition

D. Scope change control

E. Scope verification

正确答案:A


上个星期你还舒舒服服地在海边休假,今天你却不得不埋头于工作。有个项目经理的位置目前空缺,因为前任项目经理决定退休并且要在阿肯色开一个鲶鱼农场,而你接管了这个项目,现在要检查一堆关于这个项目的范围变更请求。为了评估这个项目将在什么程度上变更,你需要将这些变更要求跟哪一个项目文件的要求作比较?

A、 范围说明

B、 工作分解结构

C、 项目计划

D、 管理计划范围

正确答案:B


21年项目管理师试题9章 第2章


108 In which type of organization is team building likely to be most difficult?

A. Functional

B. Projectized

C. Matrixed

D. Project expediter

E. Project coordinator

正确答案:C


由于缺乏雇员培训和适当的产品控制,缺陷在产品中存在导致重做,它花费了$250,000。生产线的员工应负多少成本损失的责任?

a. $75,000

b. $37,500

c. $145,000

d. $150,000

正确答案:B
b [管理层对质量成本的 85% 负直接责任,即$212,500,员工负责剩余部分即$37,500。]


27 Monte Carlo simulation:

A. Was originally developed by Dr. Carlo

B. Is a European technique for assessing project risks

C. assumes the future risk events will occur at random according to predetermined probability distributions

D. is a technique to stimulate create risk event resolution

E. A, B and C only

正确答案:C


184 Japanese resource management models exhibit.

A. a cooperative spirit of goal settings

B. non-specialized career paths

C. frequent changes on team assignments

D. A and B.

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


你决定要在公司中组建一个PMP考试的学习小组,邀请公司内部其他的项目经理一起参加,以次帮助大家更好地准备这次考试。由于公司总经理已经决定奖励每个通过考试的人5000美元,所以每个人都有了很强的动力要通过考试。那么,在组织这个学习小组的过程中你要采用什么类型的沟通方式呢?

A、水平型

B、垂直型

C、正式型

D、外部型

正确答案:A


现值present values/lin

时段 10% 12% 14%

1 0.909 0.893 0.877

2 0.826 0.797 0.769

3 0.751 0.712 0.675

4 0.683 0.636 0.592

5 0.621 0.567 0.519

根据上图1000美元按12%的折现率在5年后的现价是( )

A.3605

B.0.57

C.567

D.892.86

E.3.61

正确答案:C


设计工程师通知你,找到了更便宜的零部件,但是你不能确认该零部件会否影响产品的性能,你必须先:

A、 拒绝更换

B、 根据承包商的固定价来评估零部件的成本

C、 考虑使用新部件会带来的风险

D、 与现有的厂商就这个新部件协商一个更低的价格

正确答案:C


An element in the WBS was estimated to require 1 month for completion with 1000 hours of labor and a burdened cost of $50K. The task was completed in 1000 hours but a burdened cost of $60K. The most likely reason for the increase would be:

A . Higher salaried employees were assigned.

B . Overtime was required.

C . The overhead rate increased.

D . Employee salaries had increased.

E . Any of the above

正确答案:E


21年项目管理师试题9章 第3章


A work breakdown structure is most useful for:

A.identifying individual tasks for a project

B.scheduling the start of tasks

C.developing a cost estimate

D.determining potential delays

E.A and C

正确答案:E
E


88 The key purpose of project control is to:

A. Plan ahead for uncertainties.

B. Generate status reports.

C. Keep the project on track.

D. Develop the project road map.

E. All of the above.

正确答案:C


59 Quality Improvement Programs are normally associated with which two of the following?

A. Juran and Crosby

B. Juran and Deming

C. Crosby and Deming

D. Deming and the Japanese

E. Crosby and the Japanese

正确答案:D


135 A project manager who allows the team to make the majority of the decisions is demonstrating a(n) ____ leadership style.

A. Laissez-faire

B. Boss-centered

C. Subordinate centered

D. Autocratic

E. Demographic

正确答案:C


合同类型选择与风险的程度或项目经理面对的不确定性有关。从买方的预期来说,低风险情况下理想的合同类型是——( )

A.绝对固定价格

B.固定价格加激励

C.成本加固定费用

D.成本加一定百分数的成本

正确答案:A


作为项目经理,你相信“人性化”的方法来加强团队建设。被证明是有效的能够达到这个目的的方法是:( )

A.为小组创设一个名称

B.规定灵活的工作时间

C.制订项目章程

D.为重要的或特别的事情举行庆祝活动

正确答案:D


以下各项中只有哪项不是项目团队不良团队合作的症状?

A、 挫折

B、 过多的会议

C、 对项目经理缺乏信任或信心

D、 毫无成效的会议

正确答案:B


● Which of the following can affect network durations?

A Skills of the resource pool

B Calendar dates

C Constraints

D All of the above

E A and B only

正确答案:E


21年项目管理师试题9章 第4章


建立设计和测试规范的主要责任在于:( )

A.高层管理

B.采购

C.工程

D.质量控制

正确答案:C


给一名团队成员提供一个好的办公位置,与提供健康利益是不同的,因为一个好的办公位置是一种:

A、 特权

B、 附加福利

C、 期望理论的应用

D、 正式权利的例子

正确答案:A


70 Which phase of the project life cycle typically has the highest uncertainty and risk associated with it? A. concept

B. development

C. execution

D. conclusion

E. All of the above

正确答案:A


● The process of choosing/documenting the best approach to achieve the project objectives is part of:

A The scope baseline.

B Scope authorization

C Scope definition

D Scope planning.

E All of the above.

正确答案:D


12 Which of the following fall(s) under the responsibilities of a project manager?

A. Labor relations with project personnel

B Affirmative action

C. Personnel training

D. Discrimination and equal employment opportunity

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


只有在以下哪种情况下目标管理才有效?

A、 得到管理层的支持

B、 形成书面规章制度

C、 项目不影响目标

D、 项目章程包含目标

正确答案:A


A(n) _____ is defined as a specified accomplishment in a particular instant in time which does not consume time or resources.

A.Activity

B.Event.

C.Correlation

D.Constant

E.Event constrained within planned effort.

正确答案:B
B


144 Project cash reserves are often used for adjustment in escalation factors which may be beyond the control of the project manager. Other than possibly financing (interest) costs and taxes, the three most common escalation factors involve changes in:

A. Overhead rates, labor rates and material costs.

B. Overhead rates, schedule slippages, and rework.

C. Rework, cost-of-living adjustments, and overtime.

D. Material costs, shipping cost, and scope changes.

E. Labor rates, material costs, and cost reporting

正确答案:A


21年项目管理师试题9章 第5章


116 Three types of written media used in organizations are _____, _____, and ______.

A. manual, letters, guidelines

B. individually-oriented, legally-oriented, organizationally oriented

C. guidelines, forms, procedures

D. letters, guidelines, brochures

E. letters, contracts, policies

正确答案:D


下列哪一项最可能增加估算一个项目成本的精确度( )

A.在工作分解结构中按较低的水平为各项工作估价

B.使用历史数据

C.与曾在类似项目工作过的人交谈

D.A及C正确

E.以上都正确

正确答案:E


以下哪项可以使进度编制变得灵活?( )

A.自由时差

B.总时差

C.ADM

D.赶工

正确答案:B


你是一个住房工程的饿项目经理,作为一个项目经理,你必须特别关注建筑业法规,尤其在质量计划编制阶段更是如此。你必须确保在你的项目计划中建筑业法规有所反映,因为( )

A.标准和规则是质量计划的初始投入

B.质量审核用来确保服从规则

C.这些法规是与质量创始有关的成本

D.服从标准是质量控制的基本目标

正确答案:A


以下哪种估算技术可以使用原型法?( )

A.参数

B.外推

C.类比

D.历史结果

正确答案:B


● Management has decided to "crash" a project in order to avoid penalty payments for late deliveries. To crash the project, either overtime or additional resources should be assigned to:

A All activities.

B Only those activities with the longest time durations.

C Those activities on the critical path begining with the longest time duration activities.

D Those activities with the greatest degree of risk.

E None of the above.

正确答案:C


197 Using the possible loss outcomes shown in the Special window, find the expected (loss)

A. $0

B. ($1300)

C. ($2000)

D. ($ 3000)

E. None of the above

正确答案:B


57 Which of the following types of specifications gives measurable capabilities of the product:

A. functional specifications

B. performance specifications

C. conformance specifications

D. technical specifications

E. process capability specification

正确答案:B


21年项目管理师试题9章 第6章


按照激励的预期理论

A、 不良业绩表现是不良训练的自然结果

B、 管理者对于员工不应该期望过多

C、 应该用某种预期的结果来激励员工的行为

D、 管理者应该期望薪水高的员工会更加努力地工作

正确答案:C


Statistical cost estimating techniques (based upon history), are called _____ estimates and are a _____ approach.

A . Definitive, bottom up.

B . Analogy, top down.

C . Parametric, bottom up.

D . Parametric, top down.

E . Analogy, bottom up.

正确答案:D


应急计划编制包括

A、 定义一旦已识别风险发生后要采取的步骤

B、 建立一个管理储备用于未计划的花销

C、 准备一个独立文件,和整体项目计划分隔开

D、 确定在项目执行阶段需要进行的调整

正确答案:A


182 The auditing function that provides feedback about the quality of output is referred to as:

A. quality control.

B. quality planning.

C. quality assurance.

D. quality improvement

E. All of the above

正确答案:C


一个活动的历时估算如下:最乐观估算=6天;最可能估算=21天;最悲观估算=36天;那么,该活动在16天到26天的时间完成的几率有多高?( )

A、54%

B、68%

C、95%

D、99.73%

正确答案:B


The "rolling wave" or "moving window" concept is used most frequently on projects where:

AThe baseline is frozen for the duration of the project and no scope changes are permitted

BMarketing is unsure of what the customer actually wants and reserves the right to make major scope changes

CThe low levels of the work breakdown structure are known with certainty for the next three to six months, but the remaining tasks are based upon the results of the first three to six months of work

DNetworking techniques are not appropriate

EAll of the above

正确答案:C


进行活动排序时可采用多种工具和技术。工具和技术的选区由几个因素决定。如果项目经理决定把子网或部分网作为他/她的进度计划编制技术的一部分,这对项目意味着什么?( )

A.该工作非常特殊,在不同的阶段需要特殊的网络图。

B.在现有的电子网络上可以获取管理资源的软件

C.在项目整个生命周期有几个相同或几乎相同的活动系列反复重复。

D.项目中存在多个关键路径。

正确答案:C


86 Which of the following factors has historically been the greatest contributor to project failure? A. Planning performed by a planning group.

B. Poor financial estimates.

C. Lack of sufficient management reserve.

D. Lack of management support.

E. Not using an automated tracking tool

正确答案:D


21年项目管理师试题9章 第7章


客户通知你项目必须提前两天完工,你将如何处理?( )

A.告诉客户项目的关键路径不允许提前完成项目

B.向老板汇报

C.召开项目团队会议,商量在关键路径上进行赶工或快速跟进法的方案

D.努力工作,观察下月的项目状态

正确答案:C


194 The schedule risk is the _____ .

A. the accumulated "expected' durations which maintain project completion.

B. Critical Path adjusted by "high-risk" activity float.

C. highest risk path that maintains quality.

D. Critical Path when calculated with "most likely" duration.

E. highest risk path that contributes the most risk toward the project completion

正确答案:B


58 The performance review interview is a vital component of any personnel evaluation system. Which of the following is not a characteristic of an effective personnel evaluation interview?

A. Performed by a supervisor who has adequately prepared for the interview

B. Discusses the employee's future performance goals

C. Discusses the employee's undesirable personality traits

D. Completed during a single, uninterrupted block of time

E. Focuses on a limited number of topics so that each topic can be discussed in detail

正确答案:C


Japanese resource management models exhibit.

A . a cooperative spirit of goal settings

B . non-specialized career paths

C . frequent changes on team assignments

D . A and B.

E . All of the above.

正确答案:E


70 Which phase of the project life cycle typically has the highest uncertainty and risk associated with it? A. concept

B. development

C. execution

D. conclusion

E. All of the above

正确答案:A


项目经理可能意识到不能满足某些合同条款和项目目标,要达到某些规范既费成本又花时间。这时项目出现风险可能性较高,同客户协商降低风险可能性这种手段: ( )

A.可以消除所有项目和客户风险而不需要任何成本

B.可以重新定义风险对客户发生的可能性

C.可以使项目范围减小并改进交付给客户的产品

D.可能减少支付罚金的成本并且满足修订过的规范达到客户的最低要求

正确答案:D


190 Project Risk Management is based on which of the following premises:

A. the future is unknown.

B. unknowns can result in risks or opportunities.

C. we cannot control risk events.

D. project risk impact can be measured and controlled

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


105 Using the situation stated in the Special window, WBS Element Q is _____ budget by _____ percent.

A. Over, 16.66

B. Under, 16.66

C. Over, 10.0

D. Under, 10.0

E. None of the above

正确答案:A


21年项目管理师试题9章 第8章


192 You must produce 27 widgets. You can only produce 9 widgets per production run. Each production line setup costs $1000. Each widget consumes $10 worth of material and $5 worth of labor. What is total variable cost for producing one widget.

A. $1,020

B. $1,010

C. $1,015

D. $20

E. None of the above

正确答案:E


187 Standard of purchased material:

A. Simplifies inventory control

B. reduces the risk of obsolescence

C. reduces cost of purchasing and storage

D. All of the above.

E. A and C only

正确答案:E


177 Which may be employed to shorten a schedule without changing the scope of the task?

A. Fast tracking.

B. Crashing

C. Releasing resources earlier from tasks which were scheduled with a late start.

D. Alter to task priorities.

E. A or B

正确答案:A


The Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) is the basis for communicating:

A.Project scope, cost control, schedule, quality

B.Project objectives, dependencies, plan, cost control

C.Project scope, schedule, staffing, cost control

D.Project scope, quality, schedule, dependencies

E.Project budget, schedule, risk factors, work assignments.

正确答案:A
A


85 In order to achieve long-term quality improvements, management must do the following:

A. Motivate the employees with seminars, contests, and institute programs such as "Quality Improvement' day.

B. Create a quality control department and give the head of the department ultimate responsibility for quality improvement.

C. Implement of a formal quality control program with worker and management involvement.

D. Establish financial incentive packages for worker.

E. A and D

正确答案:C


7 Using the situation stated in the Special window, what is the total price variance for direct material? A. $140.00

B. $736.00

C. $0.02

D. -$350.00

E. $5850.00

正确答案:B


你在管理一个电信项目,由于最近政府出台了一项新的规定,你不得不改变原定的项目范围。对于项目目标作了几个变更。你更新了项目中使用的技术和计划文件。你的下一部是:

A、 正式通知干系人

B、 修改公司的知识管理系统

C、 从项目发起人和客户那里获得对范围变更的正式承认

D、 准备一个业绩报告

正确答案:A


组织政策和哲学的陈述,职位说明和限制条件说明是以下什么的例子?

A、从上至下的交流

B、横向沟通

C、外部沟通

D、平级沟通

正确答案:A


21年项目管理师试题9章 第9章


PARETO原则是一种确定在一特定的过程中更正某一质量问题的技术下列哪一种最正确的表述了这项原则内的理论( )

A.为了将质量控制问题产生的经济损失降到最低所有带有测量成本的问题都应被更正

B.大多数缺陷都是因一些占少数的可识别的问题引起的因此改进的工作应集中于此

C.为了达到零缺陷所有的质量控制问题包括那些没有经济成本的问题都应被更正

D.一般来说80%质控问题可通过成本收益分析进行判断更正剩余的20%不值得花费成本去改进

正确答案:B


According to labor law, which of the following management actions are prohibited during a union organizing drive?

A . Forbidding employees from distributing union literature in working areas

B . Implementing previously scheduled pay raises

C . Forbidding unions from soliciting workers during working hours

D . Circulating anti-union petitions

E . All of the above

正确答案:D


A communicator can present information using the following media except:

A Visual

B Audio

C Tactile

D Performal

E Both A and B

正确答案:D


如果项目A的净现值为30000美元,项目B的为50000美元,那么选取B的机会成本是多少?( )

A.23000美元

B.30000美元

C.20000美元

D.50000美元

正确答案:B


58 A graphical display of accumulated costs and labor hours for both budgeted and actual costs, plotted against time, is called a(n) _____.

A. Trend line.

B. Trend analysis.

C. S curve.

D. Percent completion report.

E. Earned value report

正确答案:C


你的大女儿最近刚参加WTO的会议回来,她宣布要倾注毕生精力来制止世界银行资助的几个主要发展项目。她宣称这几个项目破坏环境并奴役当地的人们去做毫无意义而低劣的工作。你们公司正在况标世界银行项目,这个项目在开始建设前要进行环境冲突研究。进行这种研究的需要表现了——( )

A.国际事务中也会有冲突

B.一个项目约束

C.在做出竞标还是不竞标的决定时要考虑的因素

D.一个遵守国际法的例子

正确答案:B


167 The _____ specification delineates specific end use capabilities which can be tested in the acceptance procedure.

A. performance

B. functional

C. technical

D. base line

E. operational

正确答案:B


顾客把原定的项目范围扩大了65%,这也使成本估算上升了5倍。现在你必须更改已经获得批准的项目开始和结束的时间安排。你第一步要做的应该是:

A、 为进度重新设定时间基准线

B、 修改合同

C、 使用一个新的进度安排表

D、 增加资源

正确答案:C