项目管理师考试试题题库9节

发布时间:2021-12-28
项目管理师考试试题题库9节

项目管理师考试试题题库9节 第1节


以下哪一项是外部风险的例子?( )

A.人员分配欠佳

B.成本估计不准

C.通货膨胀

D.合同类型

正确答案:C


你在开发种无线频率技术,改进夜间播音业务。如果项目成功,所有的人工干预将减少,利润大幅增长,而且管理层将为项目小组的每个成员买一部跑车。这是期待已久的机会,你想把每件事情都作得尽量地好。你参考自己的PMBOK,开始阅读风险管理一章。首先,你选择并访问了15个项目干系人。他们包括私房业主、职员、商人、无线频率技术产品制造商和孩子。你要每个受访者估计这个项目完成的最乐观的、最悲观的和最可能的时间。接下来你要:

A、利用三角概率分布

B、进行敏感性分析

C、进行决策树分析

D、确定风险反映战略

正确答案:A


项目经理可以通过下哪种方法帮助项目团队建立一种团队感?( )

A.经常使用E-mail进行沟通

B.制造一种关于项目的神秘气氛

C.提供一个“打仗房间”

D.发布关于小组成员应该如何同其他项目干系人接触的指导方针

正确答案:C


下列哪项不属于有效变更控制系统的一部分

A、 步骤

B、 报告标准

C、 会议

D、 经验教训

正确答案:D


28 The Cost Performance Index (CPI) measures

A. total costs

B. performance over a period of time

C. costs at a point of time

D. variable costs

E. All of the above

正确答案:C


作为一个项目经理,你相信通过“个人接触”能促进团队发展。一个被证明有效的办法是——( )

A.给团队取个名字

B.提供灵活的工作时间

C.颁布一个项目宪章

D.庆祝一些特别的时刻

正确答案:D


106 All of the following are categories of a milestone in a schedule except:

A. End date.

B. Contract dates.

C. Key events scheduled.

D. Imposed dates.

E. Task duration

正确答案:E


检测过程被认为是 ( )

A.一种在将来的投资

B.一种有效的更正过程

C.一个必需的控制过程

D.生产线工作人员的工作结果

E.以上都不对

正确答案:C


192 You must produce 27 widgets. You can only produce 9 widgets per production run. Each production line setup costs $1000. Each widget consumes $10 worth of material and $5 worth of labor. What is total variable cost for producing one widget.

A. $1,020

B. $1,010

C. $1,015

D. $20

E. None of the above

正确答案:E


项目管理师考试试题题库9节 第2节


Financial compensation is the primary motivational tool for which of the following management theories of programs.

A . Zero-defects program.

B . theory X management.

C . theory Y management.

D . Quality control circles.

E . A and C

正确答案:B


The primary consideration of product management is to know the _____.

A . probability of product's performance with specified parameters

B . ability the product has to perform. its intended function

C . ability of a product to be produced within existing parameters

D . functionality the product will provide over its useful life

E . All of the above

正确答案:D


97 Total project risk can be defined as:

A. the sum of the probabilities of project risks events times the sum of consequences of those risks

B. the sum of the products of each project risk event times its consequences

C. the sum of the consequences of all project risk events

D. the sum of the probabilities of all project risk events

E. 1 - the sum of the probabilities of all project risk events

正确答案:B


● Project management provides organizations with a methodology to:

A Become more efficient and effective in accomplishing goals that cannot be handled well by the traditional structure

B Manage high risk repetitive work

C Provide clients with multiple points of contact

D Provide guidance in accomplishing repetitive activities

E All of the above

正确答案:A


111 The WBS is:

A. An organization oriented family tree of the project.

B. A task oriented family tree of the project.

C. A cost centered structure of the project.

D. Only required on large complex projects where separately identifiable work packages are difficult to construct.

E. None of the above

正确答案:B


活动 A的持续期为3天,而且要在星期一(4号)开始。接下来的活动B和活动A是首尾相连的关系。这种首尾相连的关系中间又发生了3天的滞后时间,而且活动B的持续时间是4天。星期日是公休日。根据这些数据你能得出下列哪个结论?( )

A.两项活动的总持续期为8天

B.从A开始到B结束的日历天数为11天

C.B活动结束的日期是星期三(13号)

D.从A开始到B结束的日历天数为14天

正确答案:B


163 Many companies self insure against some risk. Problems which can arise from self-insurance include:

A. failure to reserve funds to handle worst case scenarios (low probability events) resulting in severe financial damage to the company

B. stiff competition from insurance companies

C. confusion of business risks with insurable risks.

D. A and C

E. All of the above

正确答案:D


你所在的项目的技术主管泰德提出了一项只要少量增加成本就能改善项目整体 质量的建议。项目控制官桑哈提出了一种能缩短项目时间但会减少产品性能的建议。你认为提高质量水平和加快项目进度都是非常重要的。尽管你相信泰德和桑哈能够相互学习,但是在大多数情况下他们之间是存在分歧的。因此你需要一个长期有效的、能解决冲突的方法。你决定要采用下列哪种方法?

A、对抗

B、问题解决

C、合作

D、缓和

正确答案:C


计算出已完工网络的活动历时后,前推法和逆推法可以提供:( )

A.活动浮动时间

B.最早开始日期和最迟开始日期

C.关键路径

D.A和C

正确答案:D


项目管理师考试试题题库9节 第3节


172 Variables quality data are:

A. quantitative or qualitative data

B. quality data for which the product or service is designed and built

C. reflect measurements on a continuous scale of a characteristic of the produce or service

D. Indicate management's understanding of the concept of variability

E. B and C only

正确答案:E


166 Risk can be divided into two basic types; business risk and pure (or insurable risk). Of the following, which one(s) fall(s) under business risk?

A. liability loss

B. direct property loss

C. profit loss

D. personnel-related loss

E. B and C

正确答案:C


在----------合同中,卖方最关心项目范围

A、 固定价

B、 成本加固定费

C、 时间和材料

D、 成本加基本费

正确答案:A


一个项目延迟完工及超支的最常见的非行为性原因是 ( )

A.挑选不合适的人作为项目经理

B.挑选错误的人作为项目发起人

C.接受一个高风险项目

D.需求定义失误

正确答案:D


● Using the figure in the Special window, By how many weeks can activity "F" slip without extending the end date of the project?

A 0

B 1

C 2

D 3

E 4

正确答案:D


项目完工日期在什么时候发生变化?( )

A.压缩关键路径

B.不允许使用应急储备时

C.项目资源减少时

D.没有时差

正确答案:A


变更控制委员会的作用是:

A、 基准计划变更

B、 规范和标准变更

C、 项目绩效评审

D、 决定管理储备

正确答案:A


123 _____ is a narrative description of the work to be accomplished or resource to be supplied.

A. Purchase order

B. Level of effort work

C. Scope of work

D. Contract stipulation

E. None of the above

正确答案:C


89 Cost of quality is:

A. associated with non-conformance to specifications and requirements.

B. primarily caused by poor workmanship of workers who are building or manufacturing the product. C. used to determine whether a quality management program is suitable for a given project. D. negligible for most large projects.

E. A and B

正确答案:A


项目管理师考试试题题库9节 第4节


The cost of a quality program should be budgeted at _____ of the total project.

A . 10-12%

B . 2-3 %

C . 6-8%

D . 3-5%

E . more than 15 %

正确答案:D


● The difference between a project and a program is that:

A A program is made up of multiple projects

B A program requires at least three times longer to plan than a project

C A project is a one-shot deal while a program is on-going

D A and C

E B and C

正确答案:D


在你准备要结束与项目相关的合同的时候,应该考虑多种类型的文件,但不包括哪项

A、关于结束合同的文件

B、采购审核

C、发票和付款记录单

D、承包商的业绩报告

正确答案:B


185 Which contract type consists of - target costs & profit, ceiling prices and shared ratio of risk?

A. Cost Plus Incentive Fee

B. Cost Plus Percentage of Costs

C. Cost Plus Fixed Fee

D. Firm Fixed Price

E. Firm Fixed Price Plus Incentive

正确答案:E


获得可以降低风险量的项目信息的最准确的方法是: ( )

A.采用头脑风暴技术识别风险

B.利用以前类似项目的历史数据

C.灵敏度分析

D.Delphi技术

正确答案:B


41 Selection criteria for project selection include:

A. cost versus benefit

B. risk

C. contribution towards organizational goals

D. rate of return

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


可能影响项目的沟通技术因素包括所有下列事项,除了:

a. 专门类型的项目说明书

b. 信息需要的迫切性

c. 技术的可用性

d. 项目期望的人员配置

正确答案:A


在你的项目中,你需要将成本归于发生成本的期间。为此,你应该

A. 识别项目组成成份以分配成本

B. 在成本预算中考虑项目进度

C. 准备详细和精确的成本估算

D. 准备成本执行计划

正确答案:A


见下表

月份 BCWS BCWP ACWP

六月 34000 34000 33000

七月 18000 16000 20000

八月 58000 60000 66000

根据上表八月份的成本进度的比较与七月的对比表明方差值$已经__________比率变化已___________( )

A.变糟变糟

B.变糟改进

C.改进增加

D.改进变差

E.都不对

正确答案:E


项目管理师考试试题题库9节 第5节


出于以下所有原因应终止项目除了 ( )

A.项目不再符合公司目标

B.项目范围已作重大改变

C.无法提供完成项目活动的资源

D.项目融资业已取消

正确答案:C


当记录到实际测量到的质量特征时,如用千分之一英寸表达尺寸,质量是用什么来表示的?( )

A.特性

B.变量

C.属性

D.性质

正确答案:B


117 A team may not be fully functional until each member

A. seeks consensus in decision making

B. feels personal acceptance

C. depends on the team leader for direction

D. A and B.

E. All of the above

正确答案:D


193 A project manager trying to communicate accurately to the team should use:

A. the language of the team members

B. the language of the project manager

C. non-verbal methods

D. written memos

E. All of the above.

正确答案:A


详尽的项目进度计划只能在什么工作后创建?

A、 创建好项目计划

B、 创建好工作分解结构

C、 创建好预算后

D、 创建好项目控制计划

正确答案:B


项目变更的三大起因是:( )

A.更换项目经理或其他关键项目团队成员;高层管理更改了优先排序;合同上的困难

B.时间、资源或成本的相对重要性产生了变化;对可交付成果有了新的了解、技术上的不确定性

C.就如何达到项目目标进行初次评估时出了错;有了关于可交付成果的新信息、新的要求

D.职能经理做出的资源承诺不能兑现、成本超支、客户要求变更

正确答案:C


171 Documented work authorization provide:

A. a means of effective internal coordination of the project's activities.

B. an audit trail of all work authorized from project initiation to completion

C.a means for communication of work activity between the project manager and the performing activities.

D. All of the above

E. A and B only

正确答案:D


To determine whether or not the employee correctly understands the message, the project manager needs to:

A reduce the filtering

B eliminate barriers

C obtain feedback

D use more than one medium

E use all of the above.

正确答案:C


109 Uncertainty refers to a situation where:

A. the outcomes are known but their probabilities are high

B. the outcomes and their probabilities are known

C. neither the outcomes nor their probabilities are known

D. states of nature can change at any time

E. probabilities of various states of nature can change at any time

正确答案:C


项目管理师考试试题题库9节 第6节


涉及: ( )

A.明确在风险事件发生的时候应该采取的步骤

B.建立管理储备对未规划的支出进行管理

C.准备独立于整个项目计划的文件

D.决定在项目执行阶段进行的调整

正确答案:A


一个项目经理在一个队员没有同地集结的项目团队中促成最佳团队绩效的关键方法是——( )

A.建立信任

B.建立奖励和认同系统

C.得到其他部门职能经理的支持

D.运用他或她的权力来控制项目的各个方面

正确答案:A


36 Which of the following areas are addressed in risk identification:

A. environmental

B. technical

C. legal

D. All of the above.

E. A and B only

正确答案:D


Which of the following is not a method of government procurement.

A Assistance

B sealed bidding

C competitive proposals

D acquisition

E small purchases

正确答案:D


在项目收尾阶段很多项目经理都倾向于尽可能推迟人员的重新分配这是因为( )

A.他们被迫面对这一过程中可能发生的人际冲突

B.他们相信没有人想离开项目

C.职能经理不愿意让 项目成员回到职能部门

D.项目队伍成员不愿意转到一个新分配的岗位上

正确答案:A


23 Upon completion of 75% of the project, the original schedules and cost estimates that were submitted at the inception of the project are referred to as the:

A. Baseline costs

B Budgeted costs.

C. Estimates upon completion costs

D. Scheduled costs

E. None of the above

正确答案:A


191 Using the situation stated in the Special window, what is the total fixed costs for manufacturing the widgets?

A. $3,000

B. $27,000

C. $27,270

D. $1,335

E. $1,000

正确答案:E


Selective perception is _____ of new conflicting information that may result, in a breakdown in communication.

A Encoding

B Blocking out

C Transmission

D Acceptance

E Decoding

正确答案:B


You have summarized the project and note that , hours have been scheduled, , hours have been earned and , hours paid. The correct conclusion is:

A.The project is operating at a favorable cost efficiency ratio.

B.the project is spending more than planned

C.the project is behind schedule

D.the project is ahead of schedule

E.B and C

正确答案:C
C


项目管理师考试试题题库9节 第7节


Risk event probability is defined as:

A the total number of possible events divided into the expectations or frequency of the risk event

B the number of times the risk event may occur

C the fraction of the total project tasks which may be affected by the risk event

D the total number of possible events divided into the consequences of the risk event.

E A and B

正确答案:A


国际性的活动和不同的项目干系人越来越这项目的一部分,参与者对时间、成本和绩效目标可能有不同的解释,启动会议(即使是通过电子方式操作的)是非常重要的。以下都是启动会议的目的,除了——( )

A.为全球沟通确立工作关系和标准模式

B.评审项目计划

C.确立个人的和组织的责任和义务

D.讨论关于合同的有关法律问题

正确答案:D


All the techniques described below can be used to keep a meeting focused except:

A Recall agenda items/purpose of meeting

B Summarize discussion periodically

C Encourage pursuit of interesting new ideas

D Rephrase unclear ideas presented by group members

E All are acceptable techniques

正确答案:C


条件图法如GERT用于:

A、 表示四种依赖关系(完成-开始 完成-完成 开始-开始 开始-完成)

B、 创建一个比PERT图还容易解释的网络图形

C、 因为PCM和ADM不允许非序列活动,如回环或条件分去

D、 帮助促进项目网络图的准备

正确答案:C


Taguchi质量管理方法的目的是:

A、对物资流程进行更好的管理以增加其透明度和可控性

B、运用统计技术计算损失函数,以确定没有达到目标价值的产品所耗费的成本

C、使得生产活动作为独立和灵活的单位能够自始至终独步一时一系列项目组成成份,而Taguchi方法则对这些生产操作设计,分组和管理。

D、对流程各阶段进行协调和沟通

正确答案:B


2 Line of balance charts are used most frequently in:

A. Engineering

B. Marketing

C. Manufacturing

D. Accounting

E. Contracts and procurement

正确答案:C


你负责管理一个大项目,设计到20个内部主要干系人,他们分别代表7个大公司。这个大项目涉及到8个不同的承包商,他们的工作必须相互协调。你直接管理的项目团队有六个团队领导。每个团队领导各带领一支由15人组成的团队。因此,你认识到必须投入大量的精力进行有效的整体变更控制。这意味着你主要关心:

A、引发变更的影响因素,判断变更发生以及变更发生后对实际变更的管理

B、保持基准线的整体性,整合产品和项目的范围,在各个不同的知识领域之间协调变更

C、整合来自项目的不同职能部门的可交付成果

D、建立一个变更委员会来监视所有的项目变更

正确答案:A


哪个过程是从风险拥有者处接受输入?

A、 风险管理规划

B、 风险识别

C、 风险定性分析

D、 风险应对规划

正确答案:D


在进行计划编制时,你坐下来对每项任务所需的时间进行估算,这些时间的总和就是项目估算,这个历时就是你承诺完成项目的时间。以上描述有什么错误?

A、 项目团队没有参与估算,而且这种方法耗时太长。

B、 项目团队没有参与估算,而且没有使用网络图

C、 估算时间太久,应该有管理层完成

D、 项目估算应该和客户要求的完工日期吻合。

正确答案:B


项目管理师考试试题题库9节 第8节


● Which percent of the total project labor hours are typically expended by the end of the second phase of the project life cycle?

A 5%

B 10%

C 15%

D 25%

E 50%

正确答案:D


2 Management calls a meeting to explain to all employees the new benefits package for the rank and file. This is an example of:

A. Upward communication

B. Downward communication

C. One-way communication

D. Two-way communication

E. None of the above

正确答案:C


154 Which of the following is not part of contract administration

A. contract award

B. performance control

C. financial control

D. contract closeout

E. All of the above are parts of contract administration

正确答案:A


The use of the project reports:

A.are not necessary on small projects

B.provides a means whereby various levels of authority can judge project performance

C.provides insight into project areas and the effectiveness of the control systems

D.All of the above

E.B and C

正确答案:E
E


ETC的含义是( )

A.BCWP/ACWP

B.预计总成本减当前成本

C.ACWPBCWP/BCWP*100

D.总估算ACWP

正确答案:B


● Scope reporting is the timely determination, _____, and _____ of project progress, status data, and transforming this into structured documentation (reports) necessary to judge project performance (reporting on work packages).

A Recording, accumulation.

B Recording, graphical display.

C Accumulation, graphical display.

D Graphical display, interpretation.

E Interpretation, analysis.

正确答案:A


项目的行政收尾工作不应拖延到项目结束,因为:

A、有用的信息可能丢失

B、可能要重新任命项目经理

C、项目小组成员可能在项目结束时已经重新分配到其它的工作岗位了

D、卖方希望早日付款

正确答案:A


Using the situation stated in the Special window, the schedule performance index (SPI) for WBS Element P is:

A . 1.1

B . 0.9

C . 0.956

D . 1.15

E . 0.869

正确答案:A


Using the problem stated in the Special window, Calculate the expected value of duration (in days) using the PERT concept of the expected duration of a task

A . 8

B . 8.8

C . 9.1

D . 9.7

E . 10.5

正确答案:B


项目管理师考试试题题库9节 第9节


项目经理正在评估供货商的标书,两个供货商出售类似的电子元件,并且在供货商方进行集成,为了避免最大的风险,项目经理审查供货商的: ( )

A.价格、销售额、利润率

B.价格、交付承诺、检验进度计划

C.价格、经验、交付方式

D.经验、个人技能、材料控制步骤

正确答案:D


● A(n) _____ is defined as a specified accomplishment in a particular instant in time which does not consume time or resources.

A Activity

B Event.

C Correlation

D Constant

E Event constrained within planned effort.

正确答案:B


可通过重述___达到解释的目的

a. 不同的条款

b. 从普遍到特殊项目

c. 从特殊到普遍项目

d. 相反的条款

e. 以上全部

正确答案:E
63.   e.  All the above
Restatement, regardless of the approach, is an excellent communication practice because it
provides concrete evidence to the communicator that the message has been received.   
 


你在负责管理一个视频游戏的项目。上个月客户已经签署项目需求说明和范围说明。但是现在她提出了一项范围变更要求。她希望把这个游戏做成一种电视和电脑上都能玩的互动游戏。这种范围变更至少会表现在哪 一个方面?( )

A.修改工作分解结构已经确定的项目范围

B.导致所有项目基线的变更

C.需要对成本 时间 质量以及其他目标进行调整

D.得到一个经验教训

正确答案:A


Fast tracking means to:

A.Speed up a project through parallel tasks.

B.Swap one task for another.

C.Reduce the number of tasks if possible.

D.B and C.

E.None of the above.

正确答案:A
A


Which is not one of the five classifications of work found in a purchasing operafion?

A Management

B Buying

C Follow-up and expediting

D Marketing

E Clerical

正确答案:D


182 Using the situation the the Special window:

A. Productivity will increase

B. His decisions will promote high satisfaction among his team

C. His decisions will require less time

D. All of the above

E. A and C only

正确答案:B


在活动历时估算期间或之后,以下哪项不是一项活动?

A、 活动历时估算

B、 估算基础

C、 活动列表更新

D、 WBS更新

正确答案:D


172 In the past, most project managers have come from _____ fields without proper _____ training or education in skills

A. Technical; accounting/finance

B. Technical; management

C. Technical; psychological

D. Marketing; technology-oriented

E. Business; manufacturing know-how

正确答案:B