22年项目管理师考试答案7节

发布时间:2022-01-15
22年项目管理师考试答案7节

22年项目管理师考试答案7节 第1节


51 Your team has prepared a CPM schedule for your review. You notice that one node has six inputs (including two dummy activities) and four outputs (which include one dummy activity). Select the correct statement from the following:

A. This is a valid representation if the logic is correct.

B. This is invalid because a node can have a maximum of one dummy input representation if the logic is correct.

C. This is invalid because nodes cannot have both dummy inputs and dummy outputs.

D. This is a invalid because the number of outputs must equal the number of inputs.

E. This is invalid because a maximum of two inputs and two outputs are allowed using the critical path method

正确答案:A


Guidelines for estimating time durations include:

A.Assuming a normal level of labor and equipment.

B.Assuming a normal work week.

C.Using consistent time units

D.Using past actual durations as guides.

E.All or part of each of the above.

正确答案:E
E


During project execution, a line manager informs you that he will not have sufficient resources available next month to support your and two other projects. The best way to handle this problem would be to:

A.Ask the line manager to make the decision.

B.Ask the line manager to work with senior management to prioritize the work.

C.Ask your sponsor to meet with the line manager.

D.Ask the line manager to set up a meeting with you and the other project managers to work out the problem yourselves.

E.Prepare a purchase order to outsource the work.

正确答案:D
D


35 The project charter:

A. Expresses upper management commitment to the project.

B. Provides that authority by which the project will be run.

C. Establishes that organizational structure with the project.

D. Specifies overall objectives and timeframe. of the project.

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


你的项目领导特德建议了一项能改善项目总体质量的同时只啬少量费用的活动。项目控制控制员桑哈建议了一个能缩短项目进度但减少产品特性的方法。你认为提高质量和加快进度是非常重要的。虽然你认为特德和桑哈应该相互学习,可他们总是意见相左。你需要一个长远的冲突解决方法。你决定用以下哪一个解决办法?( )

A.面对

B.解决问题

C.合作

D.缓和

正确答案:C


105 Which of the following actions is an example of risk response:

A. adjust project parameters (scope, time, quality ...)

B. reduce the probability of potential project risk events

C. reduce the consequences of potential project risk events

D. wait until a problem actually happens, then deal with it in the most effective and efficient manner.

E. A, B and C only

正确答案:E


138 Sound, prudent, but often unsophisticated judgement is called:

A. common sense

B. rational management

C. smoothing

D. confrontation

E. None of the above

正确答案:A


执行任务的个体员工

A、 对结果符合要求或规范承担最终责任

B、 是重大项目组设计的一部分,只有项目经理了解项目组的性质

C、 不能对整体项目起到明显作用,

D、 不应该关心任务质量,因为对于整体项目范围而言,他/她的贡献是微不足道的

正确答案:A


22年项目管理师考试答案7节 第2节


160 The major difference between project and line management is that the project manager may not have any control over which basic management function?

A. Decision-making

B. Staffing

C. Rewarding

D. Tracking/monitoring

E. Reviewing

正确答案:B


The project charter is prepared in which scope management process?

A . Initiation

B . Scope planning

C . Scope Definition

D . Scope change control

E . Scope verification

正确答案:A

 


68 An acceptance control chart has limits that are based on the spec. limits for the product rather than limits which differentiate between random and assignable causes. Under which of the following circumstances should a QC manager consider this type chart

A. When the engineering tolerance on a dimension greatly exceeds the natural dispersion of the manufacturing process

B. When the number of samples outside the current control chart limits become too costly and cumbersome to investigate.

C. When a process is subject to constant but stable tool wear.

D. A and B.

E. A and C

正确答案:E


在与客户打交道时项目经理应当( )

A.要诚实到这样的程度即不至于客户起诉项目组织

B.努力建立一种友好的诚实的和开放的关系

C.通过鼓励范围蔓延努力使利润最大化

D.为了满足客户和赢得更多生意做所有被要求做的事情

正确答案:B


Planning activities such that predetermined resource availability pools are not exceeded is called:

A.Resource leveling.

B.Manpower leveling.

C.Resource limited planning.

D.Manpower planning.

E.Manpower contingency planning.

正确答案:C
C


目标不变是持续进步的一个核心理念。一个拥有目标不变性的组织机构必须具有下面所有的元素,除了哪一个?( )

A.对于目标和远景的书面的,并且广为人知的陈述

B.一系列战略战术计划

C.所有组织机构的成员的目标、远景的意识,以及他们在取得目标过程中的意识

D.不同的质量保证和控制部门分别向高级管理机构提供报告

正确答案:D


124 The Statement of Work (SOW) is developed during the _____ cycle.

A. Award

B. Solicitations

C. requirements

D. contractual

E. requisitions

正确答案:C


以下哪些工具或技术用于信息发布过程( )

A.沟通管理计划、项目计划、信息发布系统

B.信息发布系统、信息检索系统、绩效报告

C.沟通技巧、信息检索系统、信息发布系统

D.沟通技术巧、工作结果、状态报告

正确答案:C


22年项目管理师考试答案7节 第3节


公司刚刚宣布下个月会解雇员工,你的项目团队可能会失去部分员工,这时候,项目团队成员似乎对项目失去了兴趣,如果你对你的团队说:“让我们冷静下来,重新回到工作岗位上,我们下个月的项目绩效会使我们不会失去工作。”你采用的是哪种解决冲突的技巧?

A、 拆衷

B、 强迫

C、 顺从(缓和)

D、 撤退

正确答案:C


92 The most common form. of organizational communication is

A. Upward to management

B. Downward to subordinates

C. Horizontal to peers

D. Horizontal to customers

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


156 Deflection involves the transfer of risk by:

A. Contracting out to another party

B. Developing schedule alternative.

C. Establishing functions under the project manager to handle risk events.

D. Disaster planning and responses.

E. None of the above

正确答案:A


综合项目计划提供了___基线?

a. 风险辨别程序

b. 任何实施的纠正措施

c. 将被控制的变化

d. 任何工作执行系统

正确答案:C
109. c [PMBOK TM, p. 44, Section 4.3.1.1. ―The project plan provides the baseline against which changes will be controlled.‖]


以下哪项可以最好的描述质量提高了的结果?

A、 生产率提高了、成本效率提高了、成本风险降低了

B、 生产率提高了、成本效率下降了、成本风险增加了

C、 生产率下降了、成本效率和成本风险没变化

D、 生产率下降了、产品或服务整体成本提高了

正确答案:A


工作于系统集成领域,你的主要任务是协议多个分包商的工作。你现在的项目——将空中交通控制系统改换为依赖于全球卫星定位的装置——就要结束了。除了15家主要分包商外,你还有很多其他卖方。有几家分包商很容易相处你们公司以后还将聘用他们。一家几乎每星期送来一个变更申请并要求更多的钱,而其他的从来不。有两家公司对某些管理请求有困难,但满足了其技术交付日期。现在既然处于收尾阶段,你应该——( )

A.做一个趋势分析

B.应用挣值来评估得到的教训

C.要求每个合同签订方自己出钱来单独与你见面

D.做一个采购审计

正确答案:D


35 To determine what causes the majority of quality problems in a process, a very useful tool is the: A. cause and effect diagrams.

B. flow chart.

C. control chart.

D. pareto chart.

E. trend chart

正确答案:D


一个拥有5000员工的组织开始了改造项目,项目团队由每一个单位派出一位代表组成。识别和满足项目干系人的信息需求的最佳方法是?

A、 沟通计划

B、 沟通和职责矩阵

C、 人员编制和资源管理计划

D、 OBS

正确答案:A


22年项目管理师考试答案7节 第4节


1 Using the figure in the Special window, Activity "D" has a latest start time of _____ weeks and a latest finish time of _____ weeks.

A. 2, 10

B. 4, 12

C. 6, 14

D. 7, 15

E. 9, 17

正确答案:A


23 Feasibility studies occur in which life cycle phase (s)?

A. Conceptual

B. Conceptual or Development

C. Execution

D. Preliminary planning

E. any life cycle phase

正确答案:A


你为新项目组建的项目小组包括三个全职人员和五个兼职人员。所有小组人员相互认识并在过去一起共事过。为了项目启动顺利,你的第一步是:( )

A.同每个小组成员单独会面,讨论任务分配

B.准备一个责任分配矩阵并发给每个成员

C.将项目计划和工作分解结构分发给小组成员

D.举行项目动员大会

正确答案:D


97 Risks include the following types:

A. Business risk

B. pure risk

C. Insurable risk

D. A and B

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


146 The critical path in a network is the path that:

A. Has the greatest degree of risk.

B. Will elongate the project if the activities on this path take longer than anticipated.

C. Must be completed before all other paths.

D. All of the above.

E. A and B only

正确答案:B


你正管理在城市中最后的一块土地上建造豪华公寓的项目。在这个项目中,业主的兴趣主要在于速度。合同中规定,如果项目提前完成,你和你们公司都将得到奖励。但是,国际兄弟马桶安装公司的员工正准备为提高工资而罢工,而环境组织正关注安装阳台上的卫星接收天线将引起的强烈噪音。在这个项目中,你需要——( )

A.找到适当的解决项目干系人之间分歧的办法

B.当你解决项目干系人之间的分歧时,将业主的要求放在最前面

C.谨慎地管理所有的沟通,只有在需要时才提供信息

D.按照规定建造公寓,而不要考虑任何项目干系人

正确答案:A


88 A variance envelope has been established on a project. The envelope goes from +-30% in R&D to +-5% during manufacturing. The reason for the change in thickness of the envelope is because:

A. The management reserve has been used up.

B. The accuracy of the estimates in manufacturing are worse than the estimates in R & D.

C. Tighter controls are always needed as a project begins to wind down.

D. Of the personal desires of the project sponsor.

E. Of none of the above

正确答案:E


The key ingredient to a successful quality management program are _____.

A . management's quality philosophy, operational quality assurance and operational quality control.

B . quality evaluation methods and functional quality integrators.

C . technical quality administration, the technical quality specifications, and the quality process review.

D . quality evaluation methods, quality progress reviews and the technical quality specifications.

E . All of the above.

正确答案:A


22年项目管理师考试答案7节 第5节


如图

任务 BCWS BCWP ACWP

勘探 500 400 2000

移走碎石 2000 2000 3500

挖孔 3000 2000 2800

建框架 1200 1100 1000

混凝土灌装 5000 2500 3000

此图中哪项任务已被完成( )

A.挖孔

B.移走碎石

C.勘探

D.建框架

E.浇混凝土

正确答案:B


114 History has shown that project managers can be trained in a combination of ways. Which method is usually preferred by most companies?

A. Experiential learning, on-the-job

B. Formal education and special course (degreed programs)

C. Professional activities, seminars

D. Individual readings

E. None of the above

正确答案:A


项目范围根据--------进行评定,而产品范围则根据---------进行评定( )

A.合同、核实

B.要求、成功的评定标准

C.计划、要求

D.范围基准计划、范围定义

正确答案:C


项目执行期间重新委任了一名项目经理,项目已经按照计划执行,但是项目经理发现客户对报告方法相当不满,项目经理应该首先做什么?( )

A.检查沟通系统

B.询问客户的不满和要求,找出解决方案

C.向客户建议修改报告

D.让项目团队制定替代方案

正确答案:B


189 In project-driven companies, costs are usually billed againest the project based upon:

A. The burdened labor rate of the actual employees who performed the work.

B. The burdened labor rate of the line organization average salary.

C. The burdened labor rate of the company average salary.

D. The burdened labor rate of the average salary of the project team members.

E. None of the above

正确答案:A


需要跨学科知识的复杂项目最好由以下哪类组织管理?

A、 项目型

B、 职能型

C、 线型

D、 矩阵型

正确答案:D


68 Risk management methodology should be adhered to in:

A. construction projects

B. system projects

C. complex projects

D. large projects

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


187 The centerline of a standard "Shewhart' control chart represents:

A. the process target

B. the nominal dimension specified by the customer

C. the nominal dimension specified by the designer

D. the true process average or mean

E. the process sample average or mean

正确答案:E


22年项目管理师考试答案7节 第6节


管理层对你的项目中发生的许多意外事件感到厌倦了,因为大多数意外是负面的。项目管理办公室主任告诉你,如果你不开始使用某种能让管理层明白你将干什么的指示器的话,这周以后你就只能去公司的餐厅干活了。为了保住你的饭碗并为所有的管理层提供一个有效的指示器,你决定聚焦于将完工绩效指数(TCPI)。其目的是——( )

A.确定在管理层的财政目标内完成项目剩余工作需要的进度和成本绩效

B.确定在管理层的财政目标内完成项目剩余工作需要的成本绩效

C.预测最后项目成本

D.预测最后项目进度和成本

正确答案:B


采用箭线图法时,以下哪项需要资源

A、 后续活动

B、 事件活动

C、 虚拟活动

D、 以上都是

正确答案:A


35 The range of time allowed for an activity to be completed in is the _____.

A. Planned time (Duration).

B. Float time (LS - ES, or LF - EF).

C. Critical time (when ES = LS, or EF = LF).

D. Scheduled time (LF - ES).

E. Event.

正确答案:D


对正式合同接收和收尾的要求通常定义于——( )

A.建议中

B.工作报告

C.合同条款和条件中

D.采购审计报告

正确答案:C


164 Attributes quality data are:

A. quantitative or qualitative data

B. quality data for which the products or services is designed and built.

C. reflect measurements on a continuous scale of a characteristic of the product or service

D. indicate management's understanding of the concept of variability

E. A and B only

正确答案:E


141 The work breakdown structure (WBS) is first developed in which scope management process? A. Initiation

B. Scope planning

C. Scope change control

D. Scope Definition

E. Scope verification

正确答案:D


完全整合的项目计划对项目经理的帮助是通过:

a. 对所有的组织政策提供完全的参考

b. 给项目经理全面职权

c. 保护项目业主的投入

d. 方便项目相关者之间的沟通

正确答案:D


自由时差和总时差的区别在于什么?

A、 自由时差是不影响结束日期的总时差,而总时差是自由时差的累计数

B、 自由时差值影响随后立即进行的后续活动的最早开始日期

C、 自由时差通常指“闲散时间(slack time)”,而总时差通常指“浮动时间(float time)”

D、 一个活动的自由时差等于关键的总时差减去活动的总时差

正确答案:B


22年项目管理师考试答案7节 第7节


你是一位项目经理,管理着一个医疗数据库系统项目。公司有专业的编程人员负责设计程序,但是你需要从外部购买硬件。项目中负责合同管理的饿人员告诉你,需要向承包商提供一份产品描述,这个产品描述也被称作( )

A.工作说明

B.合同范围说明

C.项目章程

D.合同

正确答案:A


92 The most common form. of organizational communication is

A. Upward to management

B. Downward to subordinates

C. Horizontal to peers

D. Horizontal to customers

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


根据Douglas Mcgregor理论,Y理论预见?( )

A.人每分钟都需要被注意

B.人是无能的,责任是虚无的

C.人尽可能的逃避工作

D.人可以指挥自身努力

正确答案:D


一个会影响项目队伍的约束因素是——( )

A.现有机构的组织结构

B.项目队员间沟通不良

C.模糊的人员需求

D.团队的士气

正确答案:A


Using the table in the Special window, Which task is completed?

A.dig hole

B.remove debris

C.survey

D.set forms

E.place concrete

正确答案:B
B


● Which of the following are included as part of a scope statement?

A Project justification

B Project deliverables

C Project objectives

D All of the above

E B and C

正确答案:D


9 Back charges refers to:

A. transferring charges from sub-contractors to the owner

B. adjusting payments to reflect late invoices consequence

C. the cost of corrective action taken by the owner and charged to the contractor for non-conformance D. gaining restitution from the owner for non payment

E. C and D only

正确答案:C


The Quality Risk _____ .

A is minimized through continuous monitoring.

B is considered a long term risk.

C will be reflected in the in-service life of the project result.

D B and C

E All of the above.

正确答案:E