2022项目管理师模拟试题8辑

发布时间:2022-03-07
2022项目管理师模拟试题8辑

2022项目管理师模拟试题8辑 第1辑


下列哪项理论可被用于降低成本或缩短计划( )

A.赶工

B.变更范围

C.平等实施几项活动而不是按序列实施

D.以上都是

正确答案:D


158 Risk classified as unknown unknowns (i.e., those which cannot be identified or evaluated): A. should be deflected to the contracting officer

B. should be handled via contingency allowances

C. should be ignored, since they cannot be identified

D. should be ignored, since they are not covered in the Project Risk Assessment

E. C and D

正确答案:B


37 You have assembled your thoughts into a message. As you pass this information to a second party, you are giving this person your:

A. Input

B. Output

C. Data

D. Feedback

E. A and C

正确答案:B


19 "Paraphrasing" is most closely associated with which part of the communication process? A. encoding

B decoding

C. barriers

D. feedback

E. None of the above

正确答案:D


担保成本是以下哪种成本的范例?

A、 内部失败成本

B、 评估成本

C、 外部失败成本

D、 客户满意成本

正确答案:C


During which phase of the project life cycle is the amount at stake lowest?

A concept

B development

C execution

D conclusion

E C and D

正确答案:A


2022项目管理师模拟试题8辑 第2辑


You have summarized the project and note that , hours have been scheduled, , hours have been earned and , hours paid. The correct conclusion is:

A.The project is operating at a favorable cost efficiency ratio.

B.the project is spending more than planned

C.the project is behind schedule

D.the project is ahead of schedule

E.B and C

正确答案:C
C


● As a project is carried out and slack time is consumed on individual tasks, the slack left over for the remaining tasks is:

A Insignificant.

B Reduced.

C Unchanged.

D Increased.

E Doubled.

正确答案:C


4 An informal communication network on a project and within an organization is called a(n):

A. free upward flow

B. free horizontal flow

C. unrestricted communication flow

D. grapevine

E. open network

正确答案:D


Conflict management requires problem-solving. Which of the following is often referred to as a problem-solving technique and used extensively in conflict resolution?

A . Confrontation

B . Compromise

C . Smoothing

D . Forcing

E . Withdrawal

正确答案:A


By which process may an unsuccessful supplier seek remedy for unjust awards?

A Contract dispute

B Stop work order

C Bid protest

D Coffective action

E None of the above.

正确答案:C


以下哪项不属于合同文件的一部分

A、 建议书

B、 工作范围

C、 条款和条件

D、 谈判纪录

正确答案:D


2022项目管理师模拟试题8辑 第3辑


在项目最近的一次状态评审会议上,一个队员批语其他队员,并且似乎试图贬低其他人在团队中的状态。这个人被认为属于以下哪一类带破坏性的团队角色?( )

A.认同追寻者

B.阻碍者

C.攻击者

D.独裁统治者

正确答案:C


如果项目小组成员即对职能经理又对项目经理汇报工作,项目团队的建设将变得非常复杂。对这种双重负责机制进行管理通常是谁的职责?

A、有关的小组成员

B、项目经理

C、项目所有权人或者赞助人

D、职能经理

正确答案:B


132 Which of the following contract types has the highest risk to the contractor:

A. Firm fixed price (FFP)

B. Time and material (T&M)

C. Cost plus fixed fee (CPFF)

D. Cost plus incentive fee (CPIF)

E. A and B only

正确答案:A


● The financial closeout of a project dictates that:

A All project funds have been spent.

B No charge numbers have been overrun.

C No follow-on work from this client is possible.

D No further charges can be made against the project.

E All of the above.

正确答案:D


项目干系人包括:( )

A.终端用户

B.供货商

C.市民

D.以上都是

正确答案:D


有两类风险:商务和可保险型,以下哪项可看作可保险型风险 ( )

A.薪水册成本

B.机会成本

C.沉淀成本

D.有担保的承包商造成的损害

正确答案:D


2022项目管理师模拟试题8辑 第4辑


试验设计在质量计划编制中的作用在于:( )

A.确定哪些对整体产出影响最大

B.对比各种项目质量管理实践

C.说明系统各元素间的联系

D.确认何处需要进行少量返工

正确答案:A


9 Cost management includes processes that are required to maintain financial control of projects. These processes may include:

A. economic evaluation

B. cost estimating

C. cost forecasting

D. B and C

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


你正准备与一家韩国公司建立一个大型的电子培训的合资企业。在首次与公司部经理的谈话中,你提到你会说几句简单的韩语。他为您熟悉这种语言而吃惊和高兴,你们的关系就这样良好地开始了。透露你懂他的语言可看做是以下哪一种特性?( )

A.自信的谦逊

B.很强的灵活性

C.积极进取的洞察力

D.夸张

正确答案:C


184 _____ is based on information gathered and analyzed about demand and supply. This forecast provides a prediction of short and long term prices and the underlying reasons for those trends. A. Demand forecast

B. Price forecast

C. Supply forecast

D. Production forecast

E. None of the above

正确答案:B


你已以准备好了项目的范围说明和WBS。你的项目计划也已经被批准了。目前你的项目已经开始实施了,但你认识到,基于项目工作的天性,项目范围的变动是在所难免的。由于不久前你就经历过范围不断扩大的折磨,所以这次你对范围蔓延的危险特别留意。为了避免类似事件的发生,你召集了团队会议要建立一套项目范围变更控制系统。这个系统是指:( )

A.一系列正式的.有书面文件记载的程序,这些程序规定了如何修改正式的项目文件的步骤

B.一套有正式的书面文件记录的流程,其主要作用是用来实施技术和行政的指导和监督,这样做的目的是为了保证项目各个部分的工作能够得以明确,并且有正式文件记录.工作日志记录和变更报告.变更控制,以及为了保证工作按照预定要求正常进行而进行审核工作

C.可以使用项目范围得到变更的一系列程序,主要包括文书工作.跟踪系统和批准变更必须的审批级别

D.有关项目变更的命令,这些命令是为了保证项目的范围管理计划在上级部门审阅和签署之前不会被随意改变

正确答案:C


"Hard logic" in the preparation of a network refers to:

A.Discretionay dependencies

B.External depenencies

C.Mandatory dependencies

D.All of the above

E.A abd B only

正确答案:C
C


2022项目管理师模拟试题8辑 第5辑


113 The basic terminology for networks includes:

A. Activities, events, manpower, skill levels and slack.

B. Activities, documentation, events, manpower and skill levels.

C. Slack, activities, events, and time estimates.

D. Time estimates, slack, sponsorship involvement, and activities.

E. Time estimates, slack time, report writing, life cycle phases, and crashing times

正确答案:C


Contingency planning should include all but which of the following?

A The development of a contingency allowance determined by combining (layering) various estimate segments to form. larger estimate segments.

B the development of schedule alternatives and work-around

C the management of a contingency budget

D an assessment of project shut-down liabilities.

E A and C

正确答案:A


Japanese resource management models exhibit.

A . a cooperative spirit of goal settings

B . non-specialized career paths

C . frequent changes on team assignments

D . A and B.

E . All of the above.

正确答案:E


In performing an impact analysis, the most effective tool to ensure all risks are identified on large projects is the:

A Work breakdown structure

B milestone review and schedule technique

C cost/schedule control system

D planning programming budget system

E program and evaluation review technique

正确答案:A


73 In a contract, the point of total assumption refers to the point where:

A. The customer incurs the total financial responsibility for each additional dollar spent.

B. The contractor incurs the total financial responsiblity for each dollar spent.

C. The schedule and cost variance are zero.

D. The customer will incur no further costs for the work the contractor performs in the completion of the contract.

E. B and D only

正确答案:E


项目控制的一个关键目的是( )

A.对不确定因素提前计划

B.发布状况报告

C.使项目保持在轨道

D.建立项目路线图

正确答案:C


2022项目管理师模拟试题8辑 第6辑


Sally是项目经理和两个组员解决一个冲突。 其中一方, Bill已经退出。 另一个,Kathleen试图采取折衷的办法,问题解决得很慢。由于问题得不到解决, 为快要达到的一个里程碑造成了很大的负面影响。Sally 召集两人正视问题, 但是, 两个人都不配合他解决问题。 Sally 最终听取了两方面的意见后作出决定。 Bill的形势优于Kathleen。 Sally最终采取那种方式解决问题?

a. 折衷

b. 冲突

c. 强迫

d. 缓和

e. b 和c

正确答案:A
a  [当选择项目组织结构时必须考虑很多因素以保证能覆盖所有或有费用。例如,项目规格及工期,项目经理的经验,高级管理的支援程度,项目所出的位置,可用资源以及是否有常规经验,客户关注点和差异,项目的类型等。为将所有这些项目包括在内,项目管理就是将它们结合在一个项目中的一种手段]


要将职能组织和WBS元素联系起来,项目经理应该使用一个:

A、 WBS索引

B、 项目WBS

C、 成本帐目矩阵

D、 工作包分配索引

正确答案:A


127 A warranty may not be a remedy for products delivered unfit when _____ .

A. the PM has knowledge of the product, inspected it without relying on the seller's skill

B. the products delivered comply with the plans and specifications of the client

C. the plans and specifications produced by the seller match the completed product.

D. A and B

E. None of the above

正确答案:D


灵敏度分析和头脑风暴法是两种不同的风险识别方法,灵敏度分析的优点有: ( )

A.仅针对公众确定风险

B.考虑独立的答案

C.管理层理解可能会有大量不同的结果

D.可以提供项目经理可能缺乏的对项目的理解

正确答案:C


175 The type of contract (payment mechanism) chosen for a project is often a reflection of the degree of risk associated with completing that project. For a firm fixed price contract, payment for risk _____ .

A. Is accomplished by paying the actual costs to the contractor.

B. Is accomplished by paying the contractor for his costs plus a fixed fee (profit).

C. Is an undisclosed contingency in the contractor's bid.

D. Is accomplished by paying for the budgeted costs of dealing with risks, as predicted in the project risk assessment.

E. B and C

正确答案:C


对于发生在信息技术事业部的项目成本,某项目经理正试图较好地加以管理。下列哪一生命周期阶段使项目经理对于管理成本有最大的影响?

a. 收尾

b. 实施

c. 安装

d. 构思和设计

正确答案:D


2022项目管理师模拟试题8辑 第7辑


在一个典型的项目中,什么时候风险最高而影响最小 ( )

A.在构思阶段

B.项目完成或者接近完成阶段

C.在项目执行阶段

D.替换项目经理时

正确答案:A


72 The first step in building a PERT/CPM network is to:

A. Create a flow chart

B. Determine the critical path

C. Show task relationships

D. Create a work breakdown structure

E. None of the above

正确答案:D


合同收尾和行政收尾的相似处在于二者都要求:

A、 由项目经理之外的另一个人管理相关活动

B、 在执行工作时核实任何时候都没有错误发生

C、 准备好WBS

D、 核实工作令人满意的完成了

正确答案:D


109 Problems can occur in properly defining a project because:

A. Project goals may not be agreeable to all parties

B. The plan was "too loose," thus allowing priorities to change

C. Low turnover of project personnel

D. Too much communication between the client and project personnel

E. The project objectives were quantified

正确答案:A


你的组织对项目应包括的信息提出了要求。其中要求对你的项目的管理方法和战略进行说明。为此,你应该概括:

A、项目章程

B、范围说明

C、进度和成本的绩效考核基线

D、其它知识领域的管理计划

正确答案:D


你是一个大型IT公司的项目经理. PX软件由一家软件开发公司开发,并将合成到你的系统。最近你发现PX有错误,但PX公司不想让你的客户知道这个问题,因为这个问题要在项目完工后很久才会出现。他们也可以在纠正或出售下一个版本的PX。PX公司和你的公司都可以从中获取利润,你如何克服这个冲突:( )

A.会见客户,告诉他们如何向PX公司的工程师询问新软件的功能,这样客户就能发现问题了。

B.忽略这个问题,因为项目完成后你将要离开。

C.和PX公司经理个情况,劝服他不要使用这种方法

D.暂时不向客户透露,会见你的主管和PX经理和销售小组探讨备选方案。

正确答案:D


2022项目管理师模拟试题8辑 第8辑


对目标的坚持是持续改进的核心概念。一个坚持目标的机构必须具有以下所有的因素,除了——( )

A.形成文件而且广为分发关于目标的远景的陈述

B.一系列战略和战术的计划

C.所有机构成员对目的、远景、目标及子目标的了解,以及他们对在实现它们的过程中所扮演的角色的了解。

D.质量保证和控制部门分别对高层经理负责

正确答案:D


对一些特定的要求过份灵活会对时间的延迟产生什么样的影响( )

A.减少

B.消除

C.双倍

D.增加

E.无影响

正确答案:D


Smoothing out resource requirements from period to period is called resource _____.

A.Allocation.

B.Partitioning

C.Leveling.

D.Quantification

E.None of above.

正确答案:C
C


148 A good team leader must be concerned not only with _____ but also with _____ .

A. Long term goals; short term goals

B. Organizational goals; personal goals

C. Legitimate power; referent power

D. Group efficiency; power and authority

E. Tasks to be accomplished; needs of the team members

正确答案:E


The scope of a project can be expected to change if:

A.The project manager must provide cost estimates without having a design concept

B.Oversimplification (underestimating) of the nature of the work occurs

C.The project manager is assigned after the project is defined, and the cost and schedule are approved

D.A clear objective is not provided

E.All of the above are possible based upon the situation

正确答案:E


120 Management calls a meeting to explain to all employees the new benefits package for the rank and file. This is an example of:

A. Upward communication

B. Downward communication

C. One-way communication

D. Two-way communication

E. None of the above.

正确答案:C