2022项目管理师考试真题及详解5卷

发布时间:2022-03-07
2022项目管理师考试真题及详解5卷

2022项目管理师考试真题及详解5卷 第1卷


Using the situation stated in the Special window, what is net present value of an annual income flow of $1600 at 14% over the next three years?

A . ¥3,713.60

B . ¥0.68

C . ¥1,080.00

D . ¥476.19

E . ¥2.32

正确答案:A


币值波动,政治动荡,中央和地方政府之间的竞争,以及不同利益集团之间的冲突可能会干扰国际项目的管理。管理国际项目的项目奖励应该意识到跨文化环境的主要影响因素,并特别重视:

A.建立绩效报告制度

B.建立沟通管理系统

C.建立和执行生产进度表以方便信息分配,避免在定期会面之间出现情况的变化

D.通过翻译服务起草正式的项目报告

正确答案:B


146 Which is not a negotiation tactic?

A. Imposing deadlines

B. surprises

C. person with authority is absent

D. reasoning together

E. all are negotiations tactics

正确答案:E


162 According to labor law, which of the following management actions are prohibited during a union organizing drive?

A. Forbidding employees from distributing union literature in working areas

B. Implementing previously scheduled pay raises

C. Forbidding unions from soliciting workers during working hours

D. Circulating anti-union petitions

E. All of the above

正确答案:D


134 Good project objectives must be:

A. General rather than specific

B. Established without considering resource bounds

C. Realistic and attainable

D. Overly complex

E. Measurable, intangible and verifiable

正确答案:C


你在管理一个有5个分包商的合同。你必须管理合同绩效、付款及管理与供应方的关系。一个分包商发出了变更其工作范围的请求。你检查了这一请求后决定修改合同。所有这些活动都是以下 的一部分?( )

A.合同管理

B.合同执行

C.合同格式

D.合同方案

正确答案:A


李经理被任命为一个项目的领导他必须要仔细检查由客户提供的工作说明下列哪一项是最容易被忽视的 ( )

A.数据类可交付成果

B.应由客户提供的设备设施

C.长期的采购项

D.客户确定的里程碑

E.其它分合同方的配合需求

正确答案:A


25 Obtaining team commitment depends on:

A. clear and interesting job assignments

B. consensus on project goals

C. involvement in developing task objectives

D. All of the above.

E. B and C

正确答案:E


A contractor estimates that a project has a 0.5 probability of $200,000 profit and 0.3 probability of $50,000 loss. The expected monetary value of this project is:

A ¥200,000

B ¥150,000

C ¥85,000

D ¥50,000

E None of the above.

正确答案:C


2022项目管理师考试真题及详解5卷 第2卷


Once the logic of a network is laid out, the project manager will conduct a forward pass and backward pass through the network. This will provide information on the _____ and identification of the _____ .

A.Slack for each activity, critical path.

B.Slack for each activity, high risk activities.

C.Manpower shortages, high risk activities.

D.High risk activities, non-critical paths.

E.Manpower availability, contingency plans.

正确答案:A

A


The most common types of schedules are Gantt charts, milestone charts, line of balance, and:

A.Networks.

B.Time phased events.

C.Calendar integrated activities.

D.A and C only.

E.B and C only.

正确答案:A
A


你正在管理通信项目。客户,你的上级、客户和其它有关各方都已经确定和批准了产品和系统要求。项目按照时间表实施。到目前为止似乎每个人对进展感到满意。你刚刚得知一个新的管理规定将引起一个项目执行标准发生变更。为保证该变更包括在项目计划中,你应该:( )

A.召开变更控制委员会会议

B.修改WBS.项目时间表和项目计划,以反映新的规定和要求

C.准备变更请求

D.立即通知受到影响的各位干系人有关项目实施的变更内容

正确答案:C


The comprehensive review of a contractor's technical performance, cost performance, and delivery schedule, is referred to as:

A post project evaluation

B post contract evaluation

C post mortem

D procurement performance evaluation

E contractor's performance evaluation

正确答案:E


26 Job descriptions are examples of ______communications.

A. upward

B. downward

C. horizontal

D. diagonal

E. None of the above

正确答案:E


125 Using the situation stated in the Special window, what is the total price variance for direct material?

A. $140.00

B. $736.00

C. $0.02

D. -$350.00

E. $5850.00

正确答案:B


Since risk is associated with most projects, the best course of action is to:

A cover all project risks by buying appropriate insurance

B ignore the risks, since nothing can be done about them and move forward with the project in an expeditious manner.

C avoid projects with clear and present risks

D eliminate all known risks prior to the execution phase of the project

E identify various risks and implement actions to mitigate their potential impact

正确答案:E


当需要减少20%关键路径时间时,你可以采取下列的行动,但-------除外?( )

A.增加资源

B.加速时间进度

C.消除浮动时间

D.并行安排活动

正确答案:C


合同中的激励条款的作用是:

A、 增加买方成本

B、 通过增加成本提高项目质量

C、 把风险转移给买方降低卖方的风险

D、 改进合同、协调买卖双方目标的途径

正确答案:D


2022项目管理师考试真题及详解5卷 第3卷


Adding 5 people to a 4 person team increases the communication channels by a factor of:

A 2 times

B 3 times

C 4 times

D 5 times

E 6 times

正确答案:E


141 To calculate the expected value of an outcome:

A. divide the value of each outcome by its probability, then add the results.

B. divide the value of the desired outcome by the value all possible outcomes

C. multiply the value of each outcome by its probability, then add the results

D. use linear regression to assess the expected value of the outcome

E. B and D only

正确答案:C


164 A line manager possesses information which the project team needs, but withholds the information. The results in a(n):

A. Blindspot

B. Facade

C. region of influence

D. Communication power base

E. None of the above

正确答案:B


The most common form. of project communication is:

A Upward to executive sponsor

B Downward to subordinates

C Lateral to the team and line organizations

D Lateral to customers

E Diagonally to the client's senior management

正确答案:C


进度控制的一个重要部分是:

A、 决定是否需要对进度计划偏差采取纠错行动

B、 定义需要生产项目可交付成果所需的活动

C、 评估范围定义是否足以支持进度计划

D、 保证项目团队士气高昂,小组成员能够发挥最大潜能。

正确答案:A


42 The Statement of Work (SOW) is developed during the _____ cycle.

A. Award

B. Solicitations

C. requirements

D. contractual

E. requisitions

正确答案:C


163 A project manager believes that the best way to manage is to form. a good, harmonious working relationship with the team, and high performance will follow. The project manager could be defined as a _____ manager.

A. 1,9

B. 9,1

C. 1,1

D. 9,9

E. 5,5

正确答案:A


Which of the following time robbers end up creating additional work for the project manager and the project office?

A . Failure to delegate

B . Changes without notification or direction

C . Unreasonable time constraints

D . Over directing people

E . All of the above

正确答案:E


162 A recurring communication pattern within the project organization or company is called a:

A. free-form. matrix

B. structured matrix

C. network

D. rigid channel

E. None of the above

正确答案:C


2022项目管理师考试真题及详解5卷 第4卷


Adding 5 people to a 4 person team increases the communication channels by a factor of:

A 2 times

B 3 times

C 4 times

D 5 times

E 6 times

正确答案:E


7 Communication always makes use of.

A. symbols

B words

C. language

D. gestures

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


41 Which of the following are among Phil Crosby's "absolutes of quality'.

A. the performance of standard is zero defects

B. do everything right the first time, each time

C. constantly improve each product and each service

D. the measurement system is the cost of nonconformance

E. A and D only

正确答案:E


192 Project management provides organizations with a methodology to:

A. Become more efficient and effective in accomplishing goals that cannot be handled well by the traditional structure

B. Manage high risk repetitive work

C. Provide clients with multiple points of contact

D. Provide guidance in accomplishing repetitive activities

E. All of the above

正确答案:A


1 Which of the following is indicative of negative float?

A. The late start date is earlier than the early start date.

B. The critical path supports the imposed end date.

C. The early finish date is equal to the late finish date.

D. When leads are employed in the schedule.

E. The project is sinking

正确答案:A


159 The "zero defect" concept was proposed by:

A. Deming

B. Juran

C. Crosby

D. Tagushi

E. A and D only

正确答案:C


90 In the past, most project managers have come from _____ fields without proper _____ training or education in skills

A. Technical; accounting/finance

B. Technical; management

C. Technical; psychological

D. Marketing; technology-oriented

E. Business; manufacturing know-how

正确答案:B


一个人估计她回家最可能的情况是花1小时时间,她又进一步推算,在最快的情况下回家要花45分钟,而最慢也顶多用1小时45分钟.基于这样的估计,这个人回家所花的时间的标准差是多少?

A、10分钟

B、15分钟

C、50分钟

D、60分钟

正确答案:A


Typically, during which phase in a project life cycle are most of the project expenses incurred.

A . Concept phase

B . Development of design phase

C . Execution phase.

D . Termination phase.

E . None of the above

正确答案:C


2022项目管理师考试真题及详解5卷 第5卷


你决定与过去经常为你们公司提供服务的卖方签订一个合同。这个卖方在进度和成本绩效方面有良好的记录,与你们的工作关系也很好。你最近的项目虽然有点与以前的不同,但与卖方曾经做过的工作是相似的。在这种情况下,为最大限度地减少你的风险,你应该签订何种形式的合同?( )

A.能作商业价格调整的固定价格

B.固定价格加激励(固定的目标)

C.绝对固定价格

D.成本加奖励费

正确答案:C


快速跟进是指:( )

A.采用平行任务加速项目进展

B.用一个任务取代另外的任务

C.如有可能减少任务数量

D.B和C

正确答案:A


标准偏差和风险有何关系?

A、 没有关系

B、 标准差告诉你估算是否正确

C、 标准差告诉你估算的不确定性有多高

D、 标准差告诉你估算包含衬垫

正确答案:C


当一个项目使用组织分解结构OBS时它通常在什么方面与WBS保持一致 ( )

A.任务

B.劳动水平

C.子任务

D.项目

E.工作包

正确答案:E


在项目计划编制的早期阶段,项目经理的领导方式是:

A、 教练

B、 支持

C、 代表

D、 指挥

正确答案:D


81 The degree to which a company accepts and utilizes project management is often dependent upon the _____ and _____ of the project.

A. Competition, dollar value

B. Type of industry, manpower requirements

C. Size, nature

D. Quality requirements, manpower requirement

E. Type of industry, risk

正确答案:C


● The most frequently used construct in Precedent Diagramming Method is:

A Start to Start.

B Finish to Finish.

C Start to Finish.

D Finish to Start.

E Dummy activity.

正确答案:D


187 Conflict management requires problem-solving. Which of the following is often referred to as a problem-solving technique and used extensively in conflict resolution?

A. Confrontation

B. Compromise

C. Smoothing

D. Forcing

E. Withdrawal

正确答案:A


● A project is defined as:

A a coordinated undertaking of interrelated activities directed toward a specific goal that has a finite period of performance.

B a large, complex undertaking with many objectives, multiple sources of funding, and a not discernible end point.

C an undertaking of interrelated activities directed toward a specific goal that can be accomplished in less than one year.

D a group of activities headed by a project manager who has cradle-to-grave cycle responsibility for the end product.

E All of the above.

正确答案:A