2022项目管理师答疑精华5节

发布时间:2022-03-07
2022项目管理师答疑精华5节

2022项目管理师答疑精华5节 第1节


98 Power games, withholding information, and hidden agendas are examples of-.

A. noise

B. communication barriers

C. indirect communication

D. mixed messages

E. All of the above

正确答案:B


197 Typical characteristics of a work package include:

A. Representation of units of work at a level where work is performed

B. Clearly distinguishes one work package from all others assigned to a single functional group C. Limits the work to be performed to relatively short periods of time

D. All of the above

E. A and B only

正确答案:E


根据Douglas Mcgregor理论,Y理论预见?( )

A.人每分钟都需要被注意

B.人是无能的,责任是虚无的

C.人尽可能的逃避工作

D.人可以指挥自身努力

正确答案:D


风险管理的什么过程会对项目的计划产生影响? ( )

A.风险识别

B.风险的定性分析

C.风险的应对规划

D.风险监控

正确答案:C


某项目的成本或进度计划经常由管理层作出指示在此情况下项目经理应采取以下所有行动除了 ( )

A.进行风险评估

B.将后果告知管理层

C.就范围进行谈判

D.接受她而不事先采取任何行动

正确答案:D


沟通障碍的存在最可能导致

a. 生产力下降

b. 敌对升级

c. 士气低落

d. 冲突增加

e. 压力上升

正确答案:D
58.  d.  Increased conflict   
Barriers to communication lead to a poor flow of information. Accordingly, messages are
misinterpreted by recipients, thereby creating different perceptions, understanding, and
frames of reference. Left unchecked, poor communication increases conflict among project
stakeholders, which causes the other problems listed to arise.


The most common non-behavioral reason for projects being completed behind schedule and over budget is:

ASelecting the wrong person as the project manager

BSelecting the wrong person as the sponsor

CAccepting a high-risk project

DIll-defined requirements

EAll of the above

正确答案:D


2022项目管理师答疑精华5节 第2节


87 The swiftest and most effective communications take place among people with

A. common points of view

B. dissimilar interests

C. advanced degrees

D. the ability to reduce perception barriers

E. good encoding skills

正确答案:A


67 A project is defined as:

A. a coordinated undertaking of interrelated activities directed toward a specific goal that has a finite period of performance.

B. a large, complex undertaking with many objectives, multiple sources of funding, and a not discernible end point.

C. an undertaking of interrelated activities directed toward a specific goal that can be accomplished in less than one year.

D. a group of activities headed by a project manager who has cradle-to-grave cycle responsibility for the end product.

E. All of the above

正确答案:A


What tool have project managers come to use to identify all of the costs associated with a project.

A . A bill of materials

B . A Gantt chart

C . An arrow diagram network.

D . A work breakdown structure.

E . B and C only.

正确答案:D


按照激励的预期理论

A、 不良业绩表现是不良训练的自然结果

B、 管理者对于员工不应该期望过多

C、 应该用某种预期的结果来激励员工的行为

D、 管理者应该期望薪水高的员工会更加努力地工作

正确答案:C


管理层对你的项目中发生的许多意外事件感到厌倦了,因为大多数意外是负面的。项目管理办公室主任告诉你,如果你不开始使用某种能让管理层明白你将干什么的指示器的话,这周以后你就只能去公司的餐厅干活了。为了保住你的饭碗并为所有的管理层提供一个有效的指示器,你决定聚焦于将完工绩效指数(TCPI)。其目的是——( )

A.确定在管理层的财政目标内完成项目剩余工作需要的进度和成本绩效

B.确定在管理层的财政目标内完成项目剩余工作需要的成本绩效

C.预测最后项目成本

D.预测最后项目进度和成本

正确答案:B


51 Your team has prepared a CPM schedule for your review. You notice that one node has six inputs (including two dummy activities) and four outputs (which include one dummy activity). Select the correct statement from the following:

A. This is a valid representation if the logic is correct.

B. This is invalid because a node can have a maximum of one dummy input representation if the logic is correct.

C. This is invalid because nodes cannot have both dummy inputs and dummy outputs.

D. This is a invalid because the number of outputs must equal the number of inputs.

E. This is invalid because a maximum of two inputs and two outputs are allowed using the critical path method

正确答案:A


应用在统计过程中控制表中的“7的规则”的意思是( )

A.每一千个检查中产生七个典型的拒绝

B.七个连续的衡量是上升的.下降的,或者是相同的

C.每一千个员工至少应该配有七个监督人员

D.即使七个测量的结果都低于或者超出控制线,一般的情况是目前有可能出现异常,但也有可能属于正常的情况

正确答案:B


2022项目管理师答疑精华5节 第3节


135 A project manager wants to transmit a complex message to several subordinates. What is the best medium by which the manager can get his message across?

A. Oral

B. Written

C. Nonverbal

D. A and B only

E. A, B, and C

正确答案:E


如果完工比例是60%,完工预算是20000美元,实际成本(实际成本或已完成工作实际成本)15000美元,则成本偏差(CV)和进度计划(SV)偏差是多少?

A、 信息不充分,无法计划CV和SV

B、 CV=SV=-3000美元

C、 CV=-3000美元、SV=+3000美元

D、 CV=-3000美元、信息不充分无法计划SV

正确答案:D


Formal authority is often referred to as legitimate power. Which two other forms of power are also considered to be legitimate power?

A . Reward and penalty

B . Reward and referent

C . Referent and expert

D . Expert and reward

E . Penalty and referent

正确答案:A


当与一个行为导向的人交流时项目经理应该:

a. 尽可能简略并强调他或她观点的实用性

b. 提供选项,包括正面的和负面的

c. 强调他或她的提议和人们关心问题之间的关系

d. 一旦对方离题需要保持耐心

e. 尽快的交谈以确保所有信息被传达

正确答案:A
60.  a.  Be as brief as possible and emphasize the practicality of his or her ideas     
     Action-oriented people tend to be pragmatic and do not like to belabor an issue. Therefore,
the best approach is to succinctly present ideas along with the benefits associated with their
application.


Response Planning is the responsibility of the functional areas and considers

A mitigation.

B deflection.

C contingency planning.

D unforeseen occurrences.

E All of the above.

正确答案:E


11 The risk of accepting a lot of poor quality, in acceptance sampling, is referred to as:

A. buyer's risk

B. consumer's risk

C. producer's risk

D. type I error

E. B and D only

正确答案:B


48 The majority of product defects could be prevented in most processes if manufactures would do the following:

A. Increase the use of acceptance control charts instead of standard three-sigma control charts.

B. Make a concerted effort to eliminate the potential for product defects in the design stage.

C. Create a quality control department.

D. A and B.

E. A and C

正确答案:B


2022项目管理师答疑精华5节 第4节


作为项目经理,你可以选择以下3个系统之一推荐给客户:一个不仅满足早小需要而有还提供一些特别功能的完整的系统(奔驰);满足客户最小需要的系统(Yugo);一个满足客户最小需要同时还具有一些附加的特性(丰田)。实时的记录和相关的利润及损失用以下的决策树描述。“丰田”系统中的预期货币值是多少?( )

A.9900美元

B.44000美元

C.45000美元

D.48000美元

正确答案:B


Cost management includes:

A . Cost estimating/forecasting.

B . Cost budgeting/cost control.

C . Cost applications.

D . All of the above.

E . A and B only.

正确答案:D


你的公司已经开始某公共部门的一个开发项目。由于项目所在地周边的一些情有可原的情况,可能要百种野生物种的数千亩家园。你的公司长期以来就支持环境问题,并且加入非盈利小组支持政府的环境运动。你是项目经理,你应该做出何反应?( )

A.只回答针对项目工作的问题,否则回答无可奉告

B.维护公司参与改项目的立场

C.声明你是项目经理,没有资格回答关于该项目的任何环境问题,然后告诉他们如有进一步的问题请攻关部咨询

D.承认你是项目经理,处理你能回答的所有问题

正确答案:C


用来预测项目完成日期的SPI运用的计算方程式是:( )

A.EV/AC

B.PV/EV

C.ACWS/PV

D.EV/PV

正确答案:D


33 Scope reporting is the timely determination, _____, and _____ of project progress, status data, and transforming this into structured documentation (reports) necessary to judge project performance (reporting on work packages).

A. Recording, accumulation.

B. Recording, graphical display.

C. Accumulation, graphical display.

D. Graphical display, interpretation.

E. Interpretation, analysis

正确答案:A


处于两个事件之间的项目部分被称为( )

A.一个活动

B.一个关键路径理论

C.一个里程碑

D.一个时间间隔

正确答案:A


Cost forecasting calculations include:

A . EAC = ACWP + (BAC - BCWP)

B . EAC = BAC/CPI

C . EAC = ACWP + (BAC/CPI)

D . All of the above.

E . A and B

正确答案:E


2022项目管理师答疑精华5节 第5节


使用工作分解结构的主要原因是:( )

A.组织工作

B.防止遗漏工作

C.为项目估算提供依据

D.以上都是

正确答案:D


158 The formal invitation to submit a price for specified goods/services is usually referred to as:

A. request for proposal

B. request for quotation

C. tender invitation

D. bid invitation

E. A and B only

正确答案:B


当与一个个人导向的人交流时,项目经理应该__

a. 强调手头话题或想法的独特性

b. 强调他或她的建议和人们关注点之间的关系

c. B 表达想法的价值对整体组织目标的精确.

d. 首先注重于个人执行成绩的发布

e. 描述用轶话的证据支持其建议的想法。

正确答案:B
74.   b.  Stress the relationships between his or her proposals and the people concerned People-oriented persons have a high regard for human relationships in the workplace. Consequently, they are concerned about emotional reactions and responses of individuals toward ideas. The greater the connection a project manager can make to the human issues
involved, the more the people-oriented person will be amenable to considering ideas.


163 During a project review meeting, you discover that your $250,000 project has a negative schedule variance of $20,000 which equates to 12% of the work scheduled to this point of time. You can therefore conclude that:

A. The project will be completed late.

B. The critical path has been lengthened.

C. the costs are being overrun.

D. Overtime will be required to maintain the original critical path.

E. None of the above.

正确答案:E


下列哪类合同对承包商的成本风险最大?

A、 成本加激励费

B、 固定价加激励费

C、 成本加固定费

D、 固定价

正确答案:D


69 Budgeted contingencies can be detemined by:

A. past experience

B. applying standard allowances

C. detemining the sum total of the most probable variances of the various risk items properly identified. D. All of the above.

E. None of the above

正确答案:D


你在从事一个非常艰难的野外建设项目。你有好几个月没回国了,喝的是一种当地工人喜欢喝的饮料:发酵的山羊奶。你是多么想喝一杯啤酒呀!最后,你问某人为什么当地人不像你们国家的人那样喝啤酒。这人转向你严肃地说,“你真是一个种族主义者。”他谴责你以下哪一点?( )

A.将行为归结为某种动机

B.相信你自己的文化固有的优越性及合理性

C.你用老观点来思考他们的群体

D.聚焦于控制而不是融洽

正确答案:B